Can Fam Physician. 2013 Feb;59(2):143-9.
To investigate the way that family stress influences glycemic control among patients with diabetes who are younger than 18 years of age.
PubMed and Scopus were searched for relevant studies published since 1990 using the following key words: diabetes type 1, glycemic control, family stress, family conflict, and family function.
In total, 1478 papers were identified in the initial search. The final review included 6 cohort studies, 3 cross-sectional studies, and 1 qualitative review in which family stress was assessed using specific diabetes-related conflict measurement instruments, and glycemic control was evaluated by glycosylated hemoglobin measurement.
In most studies family stress was negatively correlated with patients' glycemic control. Family function was strongly related to patients' glycemic control, while family conflict was adversely associated with glycemic control. Families of low socioeconomic status, those of adolescents with diabetes, and those of single parents were more prone to diabetes-related stress and thus more susceptible to worse glycemic control.
Therapeutic psychological interventions and educational programs can help alleviate family diabetes-related stress and will likely improve glycemic control.
Explore (NY). 2014 Mar-Apr;10(2):88-98. doi: 10.1016/j.explore.2013.12.004. Epub 2013 Dec 17.
Eleni Tsiouli, MSc
Vassilis Pavlopoulos, PhD
Evangelos C. Alexopoulos, MD, DSc, MSc, PhD
George Chrousos, MD, DSc
Christina Darviri, Pr
Methods: 44 parents were randomly assigned to the intervention group (performing relaxation for 8 weeks, n=19) and control group (n=25). Pre-post measurements included cortisol levels, lifestyle characteristics, perceived stress, perception of health and parenting stress.
Results: A statistically significant decrease in perceived stress (from 27.21 to 19.00, p=0.001) as well as in parenting stress (from 85.79 to 73.68, p=0.003), was observed in the intervention group. A statistically significant difference was found in perceived stress between the two groups after the intervention (Dmean=6.64, p=0.010). No significant difference was revealed between or within groups in cortisol levels. Significant improvement was reported by the subjects of the intervention group in various lifestyle parameters.
Conclusions: Relaxation techniques seem to have a positive impact on stress and on various lifestyle factors in parents of children and adolescents with DT1. Future research on long-term benefits of an intervention program comprising of various relaxation schemes is warranted.
«Ανοιχτές ομάδες έκφρασης σε συνθήκες κρίσης σε Ψυχιατρικό τμήμα Γενικού Νοσοκομείου». Ανάρτηση στο 2ο Πανελλήνιο Συνέδριο Ψυχιατρικής στο Γενικό Νοσοκομείο. Θεσσαλονίκη, 7-9 Φεβρουαρίου 2003
«Ψυχιατρικά τμήματα σε Γενικά Νοσοκομεία - Μεταρρύθμιση 2003. Προβλήματα και προοπτικές». Ανάρτηση στο 2ο Πανελλήνιο Συνέδριο Ψυχιατρικής στο Γενικό Νοσοκομείο. Θεσσαλονίκη, 7-9 Φεβρουαρίου 2003
ΔΗΜΟΣΙΕΥΣΕΙΣ ΣΤΟΝ ΤΥΠΟ
2008 - Δημοσίευση συνέντευξης με θέμα «Το στρες των εξετάσεων και η αντιμετώπισή του» στην τοπική εφημερίδα Περισκόπηση του Δήμου Αγίας Παρασκευής